Precision Epidemiology for Infectious Disease Control.

Nature Medicine. 2019 Feb;25(2):206-211. doi: 10.1038/s41591-019-0345-2.

Ladner JT, Grubaugh ND, Pybus OG, Andersen KG.

Advances in genomics and computing are transforming the capacity for the characterization of biological systems, and researchers are now poised for a precision-focused transformation in the way they prepare for, and respond to, infectious diseases. This includes the use of genome-based approaches to inform molecular diagnosis and individual-level treatment regimens. In addition, advances in the speed and granularity of pathogen genome generation have improved the capability to track and understand pathogen transmission, leading to potential improvements in the design and implementation of population-level public health interventions. In this Perspective, we outline several trends that are driving the development of precision epidemiology of infectious disease and their implications for scientists’ ability to respond to outbreaks.